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Assisted Living & Self Help Centers

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Introduction

Homes or group homes are private residence for people with chronic disabilities who cannot live with their families due to their disability. These homes cater for young adults, adults and seniors.  Typically there are an average of six residents and at least one trained caregiver there for 24 hours a day, although there are normally more caregivers, depending on the amount of residence and the care that they need. The disabled individuals that normally live in these homes include those with severe mobility Impairments, or disorders or even multiple disabilities.

These include individuals such as:

  • Qhadriplegics
  • Paraplegics
  • Muscular Dystrophy
  • Multiple Sclerosis, etc.

Types of Homes

There are a variety of different types of homes that exist including:

  1. Quad Homes or Self-Help Centres -  They house Quadriplegics and Paraplegics and are run with the assistance of the QuadPara  association of South Africa and the Provincial version of the  QuadPara association that the Home resides in.
  2. Cheshire Homes  - Cheshire Homes in South Africa is affiliated to Leonard Cheshire International in London.

Quad Homes or Self-Help Centres

Some forms of  Disabilities have Organizations, that start and finance homes to cater for some of its members. An example of this are the self-help centres, sometimes called "Quad Homes", which house Quadriplegics and Paraplegics. These are run with the assistance of the QuadPara association of South Africa and the Provincial version of the  QuadPara association that the Home resides in. These self-help centres are managed by the residents who are responsible for all aspects of the running of these houses. Each resident in the house has duties and responsibilities and the residents work together to ensure the success and sustainability of the house.

The self-help centres employ staff who are trained to take care of the residents day-to-day needs. Each self help centre has a kitchen which provides for the dietary requirements of the residents. The self-help centres have wheelchair accessible vehicles which provide transport for the residents. These houses receive very little funding from the government and depend on various initiatives to raise funds Living in a self-help centre allows the residents to take control of and be responsible for their lives. It comes with a huge amount of responsibility and it is a lot of hard work to manage and sustain the self-help centres. The residents live in what is basically a communal home for wheelchair users and combine their various skills to ensure the smooth running of the self-help centre.

An example of this is The Andries Olivier Durbanville Quadriplegic Centre in Cape Town. The QuadPara Association of the Western Cape (QAWC) assists quadriplegics and paraplegics in the Western Cape. This includes the support of this "Home" and others in the Western Cape.

2. Cheshire Homes

The first Cheshire home was established in the UK in 1948 by Leonard Cheshire VC. Cheshire Homes in South Africa is affiliated to Leonard Cheshire International in London. There are now more than 500 service centres in 57 countries around the world including the Ann Harding Cheshire Home in Northwold, which is one of 16 service centres in South Africa, and one of three in Gauteng.

The facilities are suitably equipped and offer single accommodation with full board and 24 hour care. Cheshire Homes are structured around community needs.  Local Communities recognise the needs relating to persons with disabilities and approach Cheshire Homes to assist in meeting their needs. The National Executive Committee formed from its list of members, manages the affairs of Cheshire Homes South Africa.

People who live in these Homes are disabled from a variety of causes of disabilities including:

  • Motor vehicle accident
  • Violence and assault
  • Strokes
  • Degenerative diseases
  • Congenital disabilities

Vision, Mission and Goals 

Cheshire Homes in South Africa have a Vision, Mission and Goals that they strive to, they include:

Vision: “A society for all where Persons with Disabilities have equal opportunities”

Mission: “To provide care support services that empower Persons with Disabilities”

Goals:

  • To alleviate discrimination against people with disabilities
  • To provide early childhood development
  • To support livelihood development
  • To create independent living opportunities
  • To promote service user participation in  service development

An example of one of these Homes in South Africa is: Ann Harding Cheshire Home.

The home was established over 30 years ago following the donation of the grounds by Ben Harding, whose mother, Ann was disabled - hence the name Ann Harding Cheshire Home.

References

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